What is root canal treatment?

2010 October 29
by Asha Sood

Root canal treatment involves your dentist treating the insides of the teeth when they have been damaged. Even though the outer part of the tooth looks pretty solid, the insides are made up of what is called “pulp tissue.” Most people refer to pulp tissue as the tooth’s nerve. This is true to a certain extent, but the tooth’s pulp tissue also contains arteries, veins, lymph vessels and connective tissue, besides the nerves.

It is important to understand what constitutes the tooth’s root canal before the treatment can be explained. Each nerve in the tooth enters from the root. From this point, the nerves run to the pulp chamber in small root canals. The pulp chamber is a hollow space which lies at the centre of the tooth.

A tooth’s nerve tissue has a very important role to play in keeping a tooth healthy. During the initial stages, nerve tissues play an important role in the formation and development of the tooth. After this, the main function of the nerve tissue is to preserve the tooth and keep it healthy. Nerve tissues help supply nutrients and minerals to the tooth. They also play an important part in the healing process in the event of tooth decay.

Root canal treatment refers to treating the damaged nerves or other important parts of the tooth’s interior. Most people think of this as being the most painful dental procedure. When done correctly, getting a root canal done should not be any more painful than having a filling placed.

However, you may need to see a specialist or an endodontist if your root canal is particularly complicated

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